Titus and Gover 10 within their overview of the literary works of victims of frauds discovered that victims had a tendency become вЂњgood residents.вЂќ Fischer et al. found that scam victims and/or near scam victims exhibited a top level of trust. It’s hypothesized that people who perceive by themselves to be people that are trustworthy more prone to be victims of love frauds (h2) in contrast to all those who have maybe maybe not become victims of love frauds.
Minimal is well known about or perhaps a victims of MMF are more friendly weighed against nonvictims; nonetheless, considering the fact that most of the romance scam narratives include a victim helping down another its hypothesized that people who score at the top of a survey kindness that is measuring almost certainly going to be victims of relationship frauds (H9) in contrast to those people who have maybe perhaps perhaps not become victims of relationship frauds.
Some theorists have actually argued that victims of fraudulence are people that are greedy. 10 These theorists explanation that the inspiration for becoming tangled up in a scam is actually for self-gain, to help make a big profit that is personal a quick period of time. Considering the fact that numerous love scam victims in many cases are promised wide range along with the perfect relationship it’s hypothesized that folks who score at the top of a survey calculating greed are more inclined to be victims of relationship frauds (h20) weighed against those people who have maybe maybe not become victims of relationship frauds.
There’s been some theorizing that folks who have вЂњcaught up in a scamвЂќ achieve this because they’re hooked on the scam it self additionally the visceral reaction they encounter through the participation in the scam. It was really identified in Whitty’s 7,8 research on love scam, whenever she argued that victims are comparable to gamblersвЂ“both teams, she argued, are drawn to the addicting experience seeing each phase being a winвЂќ that isвЂњnear. 7,8 hence hypothesized that people who score at the top of a addictive disposition scale are more inclined to be victims of relationship scams (h21) compared to those people who have maybe maybe not become victims of relationship scams.
Overall, 12,060 individuals who resided in the uk had been recruited from a вЂњQualtricsвЂќ online panel. Of those people, 11,780 individuals stayed into the last test. In this sample that is final individuals are not victims, 728 had been one-off victims, and 329 were repeat victims. For this test, 200 individuals was indeed scammed by the love scam. Considering that victims of scam may share a number of the exact exact same dispositions as love scam victims these individuals had been removed from the analysis that is final.
Information had been gathered employing a questionnaire hosted from the Qualtrics online study platform. The questionnaire contained character inventories and products developed determine descriptive that is demographic. Considering the fact that age bracket distinctions had been hypothesized age had been broken on to three groups: young 18вЂ“34 years, center age 35вЂ“54 years, and older people 55 and over years. Impulsivity ended up being calculated utilising the UPPS-R Impulsivity Scale. The scale comprises four subscales: not enough premeditation, urgency, feeling searching, and not enough perseverance. Most of the subscales demonstrated good interior persistence (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.86, 0.91, 0.89, 0.83 for not enough premeditation, urgency, feeling searching, and not enough perseverance, correspondingly). Locus of control ended up being calculated making use of the Internal-External Locus of Control scale. There clearly was acceptable interior persistence (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.65). Rely upon other people (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.78), trustworthiness (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.80), kindness (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.81), and greed (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.84) had been calculated utilizing products chosen through the Global Personality Item Pool. Addicting disposition ended up being calculated utilising the Eysenk Personality Questionnaire. Acceptable interior persistence had been acquired because of this scale (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.68). Familiarity with cybersecurity ended up being calculated employing an item that is single with individuals rating their knowledge for a five-point Likert scale. Higher scores suggested the individual thought these were really unknowledgeable about cybersecurity problems.
Individuals had been recruited via a вЂњQualtricsвЂќ online panel. Individuals had been asked to accomplish a number of demographic concerns ( e.g., age, sex, training, information about cybersecurity), character things ( ag e.g., impulsivity, locus of control, rely upon other people, trustworthiness, kindness, greed, addiction disposition), and if they was indeed scammed by MMF. These people were additionally expected particularly whether or not they was indeed scammed by the relationship scam.